Laser research: Erythrocytes, abstract and studies
First Department of Surgery Second Department of Anatomy Institute of Health Sciences, Hiroshima University School of Medicine, Hiroshima, Japan. The protective effect of the low power helium-neon (He-Ne) laser against the damage of human erythrocytes in whole blood was examined in a perfusion model using an artificial heart-lung machine. Preserved human whole blood was diluted and perfused in 2 closed circuits with a double roller pump. The laser irradiated one of the circuits (laser group), and none the other (control group). In the laser group, erythrocyte deformability and erythrocyte adenosine triphosphate (ATP) levels were significantly higher, and free hemoglobin levels were significantly lower than those in the control group.
Subsequent morphological findings by means of scanning electron microscope were consistent with these results. Low power He-Ne laser protected human erythrocytes in the preserved diluted whole blood from the damage caused by experimental artificial heart-lung machines. The clinical application of low power laser treatment for extracorporeal circulation is suggested.
Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate the transformations of red blood cells produced by low-intensity infrared laser radiation (810 nm).
Background Data: Low-intensity (the output power of a laser device in the milliwatt range) laser radiation as a local phototherapeutic modality is characterized by its ability to induce nonthermic, nondestructive photobiological processes in cells and tissues. However, the exact theory concerning the therapeutic effects of laser biostimulation has not been developed.
Methods: The suspensions of human erythrocytes in PBS (10% hematocrit) were irradiated with near-infrared (810 nm) therapy laser at different light doses (0-20 J) and light power (fluence rate; 200 or 400 mW) at 37 degrees C.
As the parameters characterizing the cell structural and functional changes membrane acetylcholinesterase (AchEase) activity, the membrane potential, the level of intracellular glutathione, the level of products of membrane lipid peroxidation, and the cell osmotic stability were measured.
Results: It was found that near-infrared low-intensity laser radiation produced complex biphasic dose-dependent changes of the parameters of AchEase reaction in the dose-dependent manner: at smaller doses of radiation (6 J) the maximal reaction rate and Michaelis-Menten constant value decreased, and at higher radiation doses these parameters increased. No significant changes of erythrocyte stability, cellular redox state (reduced glutathione or lipid peroxidation product levels), or cell membrane electrochemical potential were observed.
Conclusion: Low-intensity near-infrared laser radiation (810 mn) produced AchEase activity changes, reflecting the effect of light on the enzyme due to energy absorption. Protein molecule conformational transitions and enzyme activity modifications in cells have been suggested as laser radiation-induced events.