Laser research: Cell proliferation abstract and studies


Photomedicine and Laser Surgery Volume 30, Number 3, 2012

Low-Level Laser Irradiation Affects the Release of Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor (bFGF), Insulin-Like Growth Factor-I (IGF-I), and Receptor of IGF-I (IGFBP3) from Osteoblasts

Isxıl Saygun, D.D.S., Ph.D.,1 Nejat Nizam, D.D.S., Ph.D.,2 Ali Ug˘ ur Ural, M.D.,Ph.D.,3 Muhittin Abdu¨ lkadir Serdar, M.D.,Ph.D.,4 Ferit Avcu, M.D., Ph.D.,3 and Tolga Fikret To¨zu¨m, D.D.S., Ph.D.5


Objectives: It was the aim of the present study to evaluate whether the laser irradiation of osteoblasts could enhance the release of growth factors including basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), and receptor of IGF-I (IGFBP3). Background data: Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has been shown to have biostimulatory effects on various cell types by enhancing production of some cytokines and growth factors.

Methods: Human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were seeded in osteogenic medium and differentiated into osteoblasts. Three groups were formed: in the first group (single dose group), osteoblasts were irradiated with laser (685 nm, 25mW, 14.3 mW/cm2, 140 sec, 2 J/cm2) for one time; and in the second group, energy at the same dose was applied for 2 consecutive days (double dose group). The third group was not irradiated with laser and served as the control group. Proliferation, viability, bFGF, IGF-I, and IGFBP3 levels were compared between groups.

Results: Both of the irradiated groups revealed higher proliferation, viability, bFGF, IGF-I, and IGFBP3 expressions than did the nonirradiated control group. There was increase in bFGF and IGF-I expressions and decrease in IGFBP3 in the double dose group compared to single dose group.

Conclusions: The results of the present study indicate that LLLT increases the proliferation of osteoblast cells and stimulates the release of bFGF, IGF-I, and IGFBP3 from these cells. The biostimulatory effect of LLLT may be related to the enhanced production of the growth factors.

Cell growth modulation of human cells irradiated in vitro with low-level laser therapy.

Photomedicine and laser surgery; VOL: 22 (6); p. 523-6 /200412/
Dipartimento di Biologia, Università degli Studi di Padova, Padova, Italy.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of different wavelengths and doses of laser radiation on in vitro cell proliferation. We evaluated the biological effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on two human cancer cell lines: HeLa (epithelial adenocarcinoma) and TK6 (lymphoblast). Our attention was focused on the combination of the two laser emissions as it could have a synergic effect greater than the single emission applied separately.

Background Data: The effects of LLLT on human cells are still poorly understood and unexplained. Several cell types were found non responsive to laser bio stimulation; in other cases, only a partial activation was observed.

Methods: A laser device was used for cell irradiation with a continuous wave diode (lambda = 808 nm), a pulsed wave diode (lambda = 905 nm), and a combined wave diodes (lambda = 808 nm + 905 nm), in the dose range of 1-60 J/cm(2).

Results: The effect of the combined low-level 808-905-nm diode laser irradiation were slightly superior to those achieved with either laser alone in HeLa cells. TK6 cellular proliferation was not found to be significantly affected by any of the energy levels and varying exposure doses investigated.

Conclusions: Our results are a confirmation of previous observations carried out on human cells, where only the proliferation of slowly growing cell populations appeared to be stimulated by laser light.

Does LLLT stimulate laryngeal carcinoma cells? An in vitro study.

Brazilian dental journal; VOL: 13 (2); p. 109-12 /2002/
Faculty of Dentistry, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, BA, Brazil.

Low level laser therapy (LLLT) has been used successfully in biomedicine and some of the results are thought to be related to cell proliferation. The effects of LLLT on cell proliferation is debatable because studies have found both an increase and a decrease in proliferation of cell cultures. Cell culture is an excellent method to assess both effects and dose of treatment.

The aim of this study was to assess the effect of 635nm and 670 nm laser irradiation of H.Ep.2 cells in vitro using MTT (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide). The cells were obtained from squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the larynx and were routinely processed from defrost to the experimental condition. Twenty-four hours after transplantation the cells were irradiated with doses ranging from 0.04 to 0.48J/cm2 for seven consecutive days (5 mW diode lasers: 635nm or 670 nm, beam cross-section approximately 1 mm) at local light doses between 0.04 and 0.48 J/cm2.

The results showed that 635nm laser light did not significantly stimulate the proliferation of H.Ep.2 cells at doses of 0.04 J/cm2 to 0.48 J/cm2, However, 670nm laser irradiation led to an increased cell proliferation when compared to both control and 635nm irradiated cells.

The best cell proliferation was found with 670nm laser irradiated cultures exposed to doses of doses of 0.04 to 0.48 J/cm2. We conclude that both dose and wavelength are factors that may affect cell proliferation of H.Ep.2 cells.

Hinweis: Die Lasertherapie (LLLT) ist in Deutschland wissenschaftlich noch nicht anerkannt und gehört zu den komplementären Therapieverfahren.